Thursday, May 27, 2021

The Sphinx of Ancient Egyptian Relics That Are Famous Around the World



The Great Sphinx of Giza is a large sphinx in the shape of a human head and the body of a lion found in Egypt, in the area of ​​the Giza Plains, on the west bank of the Nile, near present-day Cairo. It is one of the largest statues in the world made of a single stone, and is believed to have been built by the Ancient Egyptian civilization in the third millennium BC.

Giza is located west and south of modern Cairo, in a vast desert that was envisioned by the ancient Egyptians as the land of the dead. Guarded by the Great Sphinx, the plateau is dominated by the great pyramids of Khufu (Gr. Cheops), Khafre (Gr. Chephren), and Menkaure (Gr. Mycerinus), all of which ruled Egypt during the 4th Dynasty (c. 2500 BC). The royal pyramid complex, which includes temples, causeways and satellite pyramids, is surrounded by the tombs of elite members of the royal, aristocratic, and priestly families. At the foot of the plateau, south of the Great Sphinx, lies the Pyramid Builders' Cemetery and City, where the men and women who built the royal and elite tombs on the main plateau lived, worked, and were buried.

The origin of the name used by the ancient Egyptians to refer to this statue is well known. The name "sphinx" which is commonly used is taken from the name of a creature from Greek mythology. This creature has the body of a lion and the head of a woman, and the wings of an eagle, although the Egyptian sphinx has a male head. The word "sphinx" comes from the Greek word meaning to strangle, because the sphinx from Greek mythology chokes people who can't answer their riddle questions.

For some, it is believed that this name is a change from the ancient Egyptian Shesep-ankh, a name given to a statue of a nobleman in the Fourth Dynasty. In medieval writings the names balhib and bilhaw denoting the Sphinx were used, including by the Egyptian historian Maqrizi, who suggested the compilation of the Coptic language, but the Arabic-Egyptian Abul-Hôl, which means "Father of Terror," was more widely used. although interpreted as "Father of Terror", the sphinx was one of the modern cultures of its time, and was a popular tourist area.

Perhaps the most famous site in Egypt, Giza has fascinated the world for thousands of years. Although archaeological and historical evidence proves beyond a doubt that the Great Pyramid of Khufu and his associates are royal tombs built during the Old Kingdom, alternative theorists continue to argue that they were built by aliens or people from the mythical land of Atlantis. The pyramids are indeed a remarkable engineering feat. The Great Pyramid is parallel to the cardinal directions to within 1 degree of arc. However, this was still within the technical capabilities of the early kings of Egypt, and there was no need to come up with a strange theory to explain its construction.

The Sphinx first appeared in Greece around 1600 BC. Objects from Crete at the end of the middle Minoan period as well as shaft graves at Mycenae throughout the late Helladic period show and show the Sphinx to have a distinctive wing shape.

In Greece, the Sphinx is not identified with its appearance. The Greek Sphinx is commonly seen wearing a flat hat with flamel-like projections on it.

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