Friday, May 7, 2021

Luxor the Golden City of Ancient Egypt

Luxor is a modern city located on both the eastern and western banks of the Nile in northern Egypt. It was built on the former site of Thebes, the famous capital of ancient Egypt (2052 BC). Pharaoh's kings ruled here, creating a civilization the world had never seen before.

The desert lands of the west which in the past were known as the “city of death” are the places where all of Amun's successors are buried with the riches that can be brought to eternal life (according to their belief). Keeps records of ancient Egyptian art collections and archaeological records, some of which go back to 3000 BC. The final excavation was carried out on the tomb of the little Pharaoh, Tutankhamun, which was filled with gold jewelery, statues and securities.

The area covers ± 15 km² and a population of 93,000, located mainly on the eastern bank of the fertile river valley. In their original location, the oldest monuments date to the XI Dynasty (2081-1939 BC), when the provincial city was the capital of united Egypt.

Many of the rulers of Thebes left a physical legacy of learning. The Temple of Hatshepsut of the XVIII Dynasty depicts that his miraculous birth occurred because of the union of Queen Ahmes and the god Amon (according to ancient Egyptian beliefs). Amenhotep III left 2 large statues within ± 70 feet (± 20 m) known as Kolossi Memnon.

Pharaoh Ramesses II ordered him to depict the major wars, including his own against the Syrian Hittits, as well as scenes from the festival of the cult of the produce god. Decorating the exterior of the shrine, these images are still there today. Each year, it takes no tourists who visit Luxor to admire this ancient heritage and other evidence of ancient civilization.

Visiting Luxor is as if visiting an open-air museum. Yes, the city houses relics of ancient times such as 60 carved underground graves of kings, Luxor and Karnak temples, and various other ancient monuments dating from 1500 to 1000 BC.

Archaeologists found 63 royal graves on the hill that had been damaged not only by nature, but also by these treasure thieves. One of the most famous finds is the 11 kg Tutankhamun Gold Mask which was found in 1925. The king's grave complex covering an area of ​​tens of hectares can also be seen in full from the top of a hot air balloon departing in the early hours of the morning, a very thrilling sensation.

Get lost in artificial giant buildings, sculptures of various forms of animal combinations, and mysterious sculptures of stories.

This city is said to be the birthplace of Hercules and Dionysos. Located near the Nile, about 500 km south of Cairo. Luxor stands on an ancient city called Tema by the Greeks and in Ancient Egypt it is called Waset.

At Luxor we will also be treated to the magic of the Valley of the King and Valley of the Queen. This is the difference between the age of the new kingdom and the age of the old kingdom. If the ancient royal tombs were in the form of a pyramid, while in the new kingdom era the graves were built in the belly of a rock. Combining structural technology and aesthetics at the same time.

You can see how sophisticated the ancient Egyptians perforated the mountain with a very precise shape. Then paint the walls with very beautiful pictures. Of course, using simple tools and natural dyes for the paint.

And the great thing is, the tomb passages don't collide with each other. They seemed to be measuring accurately the length of the passageway so that it didn't bump into each other. The shape of the tomb's tunnel is not flat but leads into the bowels of the earth. Unfortunately, tourists are not allowed to take photos inside the tomb.


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