Saturday, May 1, 2021

Attraction and History of Malioboro Street, Yogyakarta

Jalan Malioboro is the name of one of the three street areas in Yogyakarta City that stretches from Tugu Yogyakarta to the Yogyakarta Post Office intersection. Overall, it consists of Jalan Margo Utomo, Jalan Malioboro, and Jalan Margo Mulyo. This road is the axis of the Yogyakarta Palace Imaginary Line.

There are several historical objects in this three-street area, including the Yogyakarta Monument, Tugu Station, Gedung Agung, Beringharjo Market, Vredeburg Fort, and the March 1 Oemoem Serangan Monument.

Jalan Malioboro is very famous for street vendors selling typical Jogja handicrafts and lesehan stalls at night selling gudeg Jogja food and is well-known as a gathering place for artists who often express their abilities such as playing music, painting, silent art, pantomime, and others along this path.

Currently, Jalan Malioboro looks wider because the parking lot on the side of the road has been moved to the Abu Bakar Ali parking area and has made Malioboro Street a Semi Pedestrian Street.

Obviously, this tourist spot in Jogja must be at number 1. You really haven't been to Jogja if you don't stop by or at least go through Malioboro Street. Apart from buying souvenirs, you can also eat in the Malioboro area. Especially at night, there are lots of tent stalls standing here.

If you go on vacation to Jogja by train, you can walk directly from Yogyakarta Tugu Station to Jalan Malioboro because the location is opposite. Especially if you arrive in the afternoon. Duh, it's perfect to fill your stomach right away in the Malioboro area.

Although it is known as a paradise for shopping for souvenirs and handicrafts, it turns out that not a few tourists and local people come to Malioboro early in the morning to exercise or just enjoy the fresh air while looking for breakfast. These tourists usually stay at hotels around Malioboro. The first major hotel in Malioboro was built in 1908, the name is Grand Hotel de Djokdja. The cool thing is, this hotel is still standing today even though it has changed its name several times.

Initially Jalan Malioboro was laid out as an imaginary axis between the South Coast (Parangkusumo Beach) - Kraton Yogya - Mount Merapi. Malioboro started to be crowded in the colonial era of 1790 when the Dutch government built the Vredeburg fort in 1790 at the southern end of this road.

Apart from building a fortress, the Dutch also built the Dutch Club in 1822, The Dutch Governor's Residence in 1830, Java Bank and the Post Office shortly thereafter. After that Malioboro grew rapidly due to trade between the Dutch and Tiong Hoa traders. In 1887 Jalan Malioboro was divided into two with the establishment of a train stop which is now called Tugu Yogya Station.

The road was for many years a two-way, but in the 1980s it became a one-way street, from the railroad line (where it started) south - to the Beringharjo market, where it ends. The largest, oldest hotel in the Netherlands, Hotel Garuda, is located at the north end of the road, on the east side adjacent to the railway. It has the former Dutch Prime Minister complex, kepatihan, on the east side.


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